题目：The Oriental City: Political Hierarchy and Regional Development in China, AD1000-2000（东方型城市：中国一千年的政治等级与区域发展）
摘要：Regime changes in China between AD1000 and 2000 systematically altered the relative importance of different regions in the political hierarchy. Our analysis shows that economic advantages driven by political factors do not necessarily persist: while gaining provincial capital status has a large and positive on economic development as measured by population density and urbanization, the economic advantage shrinks after losing provincial capital status. This pattern is further supported by exploiting variation arising from relocation of national capitals and redivision of provincial boundaries due to regime changes as an instrument for provincial capitals. In addition, we document that (i) public offices are malleable but their relocation only explains a small part of our finding on population density, and (ii) political hierarchy affects many second-nature factors, even the less malleable ones like human capital and transportation networks.